AMARANTH AS AN ELEMENT OF FOOD PRODUCTION AND A UNIQUE MEANS AGAINST DISEASES

Автор - | 18.03.2019

There are objective conditions for animals and poultry that force farmers to look for types of feed that have medicinal properties. Such food should not only provide nutrients, but also strengthen health, improve immunity and reduce morbidity. Therefore, farmers, owners of individual farms began to turn more often to amaranth-based additives.

Need for additional support
As is known, a large number of animals and birds are often kept in limited areas, for a long time – in enclosed spaces. This adversely affects their health, leads to serious metabolic disorders, and as a result – to a decrease in productivity. To avoid the development of such processes is possible by adjusting high-quality and complete feeding.

The diet of an animal or bird must contain all the necessary nutrients and biologically active substances. So you can create conditions for full growth and productivity, as well as significantly reduce feed consumption per unit of production. The search for a universal food that can fully satisfy the nutrient requirements of an animal’s body often leads to a choice in favor of amaranth.

Amaranth-based supplements belong to those unconventional feedstuffs that are considered available to most farmers. Such additives can significantly save on feed, as well as improve the health of animals and poultry, save livestock. They are also valuable in their composition, where, due to the presence of amaranth, there are substances and compounds that support the body, ensure its vital activity and protect against adverse factors. Amaranth, depending on the variety, gives the body 14-20% protein, which is easily digested, as well as 6-8% vegetable oil with a high concentration of fatty acids and biologically active components, 60% starch, vitamins A, B, C, E, P, carotenoids, pectin, in large quantities macro- and microelements, especially calcium and iron.

Features of application of food with amaranth in practice

Immediately, we note that amaranth contains proteins, vitamins, and amino acids in much larger quantities than in corn, wheat, or barley. The whole complex of nutrients makes this culture the most valuable food for pets, and this is traced in many examples. In particular, thanks to amaranth, a pig can gain up to 1 kg of weight per day, and piglets – weanlings, if fed with freshly mown amaranth, gain weight twice as much. When using amaranth as feed for chickens, their growth is accelerated by 6 times in comparison with growth in the usual feed ration.

For the preparation of fodder for cattle and sheep, amaranth is permissible to use not only in the young, but also in the final stages of maturation. It is noticed that during the late flowering period the protein content in the plant significantly increases due to phytomass. At the same time, the level of fiber in amaranth, which benefits the digestive system, is also increasing.

It is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the content of useful substances at different stages of the development of amaranth. So, it is known that this culture in the form of green mass comes out with two cuttings. However, the maximum benefit brings the mass at the first cut, which is held before the flowering period. The time for the first amaranth cut comes at about the beginning of July. During this period, the plant contains the greatest amount of protein and vitamins.

What is proved by research results
Various groups of scientists are conducting research on the importance and effectiveness of feed additives based on amaranth, and the possibility of obtaining low-cholesterol products. In particular, the latter is possible when using grass flour from amaranth: this additive was introduced into the feed in the amount of 3% of the total. As a result, the mass of eggs increased, and the level of cholesterol in them decreased. There is also an increase in hatchability and chick mass. In addition, when the output of finished products is marked improvement in the quality of eggs and meat.

Influenced by the composition of the plant. Thus, 100 g of fresh amaranth leaves contain macronutrients: potassium (611 mg), calcium (215 mg), magnesium (55 mg), sodium (20 mg), and phosphorus (50 mg). The same amount of green mass of the plant contains 2.32 mg of iron, 0.885 mg of manganese, 0.162 mg of copper, 0.9 mg of selenium, 0.9 mg of zinc. In addition, amaranth leaves contain:

  • vitamins C, D, E, K;
  • a number of vitamins of groups A and B;
  • amino acids;
  • fatty acid;
  • squirrels;
  • lipids;
  • carbohydrates.

Herbal amaranth flour contains up to 4% of fat – lipids, and almost half of these fats make up Omega-6. Even with this amount of grass flour from amaranth in the composition of the feed, there is no need to add the above macro- and microelements, since they are already present in amaranth leaves.

It is also practiced to use the feed additive in the form of subjected to extraction of fresh or dry phytomass of amaranth – grass meal or granules of this plant. With the help of special devices, grass meal or its granules, which have passed the preliminary maceration in a certain amount of water or whey, are mixed with extracting liquids. The prepared phyto mass of amaranth can be extracted with the following liquids:

  • water or acidified water;
  • an aqueous solution of an alkali, for example, calcium hydroxide (alkali) and / or soda ash (soda);
  • an aqueous solution of alkali and / or soda, and then an aqueous solution of acid (oxalic, lactic),
  • an aqueous solution of alkali and / or soda, then an aqueous solution of the above acid, and then a mixture of enzymes of the cellulose complex;
  • whey (for phyto masses promated by milk whey).

Such an additive contributes to better absorption of feed and increases the productivity of poultry. However, the production itself involves the use of complex equipment, increasing electricity costs, the presence of a significant amount of specially prepared liquid chemicals. All this leads to higher prices for final products.

It is believed that, in order to obtain a higher quality feed additive for chickens, for example, it is better to mix dry amaranth raw materials and fish meal, and as one of the arguments, the amount of fat in the second component is about 6%. So, for the preparation of feed additives it is recommended to use 10 kg of amaranth raw materials and 2 kilograms of fish meal. The mass ratio of the components taken will be 2:10. 10 kg of amaranth grass meal contains 400 g of amaranth oil, where Omega-6 is 200 g and less – Omega-3. Two kilograms of fish meal contain 120 g of fat, in which 60 g each will be Omega-6 and Omega-3. The total amount of Omega-6 in the resulting complex additive will be 260 g and the total amount of Omega-3 is 60 g. The maximum proportion obtained in this case between the masses of fish and amaranth flour is considered to be such that it meets the requirements of the ratio between Omega-3 and Omega-6.

Such additives on the basis of amaranth strengthen the immunity of animals and birds, increase their safety.

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