At first, it will be primarily about squalene, one of the important components of amaranth oil. Here, many may argue that squalene is found in several types of vegetable oils – olive, palm, pumpkin, wheat germ. However, in each of them its quantity is different, and only in amaranth – most of all, up to 15 percent, which gives more chances to win over diseases, including oncological ones. At the same time, this organic compound has a heat resistance and does not disappear from the oil, even when heated. The unique properties of amaranth oil with squalene are used in a variety of industries: in the manufacture of medicines, cosmetics, care products for the fragile elements of modern technology.
What is interesting about squalene and its effect on the body?
It is often called the “vitamin of oxygen.” The fact is that Squalen is weakly saturated with hydrocarbons and hydrogen atoms are needed for equilibrium, and it gets them when it enters the aquatic environment. This property is very important for the body, since squalene is contained in human skin and is responsible for metabolic processes at the cellular level. As a result of the reaction, oxygen is released, which saturates the cells. In this case, oxygen and hydrogen, passing through the cell membrane, release energy. It was also established that the concentration of squalene in the skin of the child is maximum. By the way, it is completely safe in any concentrations. The normal concentration of squalene in human blood, recognized by scientists, is 250 parts per billion, or 250 nanograms per milliliter. It was also established that squalene is resistant to water and detergents – for example, even fingerprints of scientific laboratories who pay special attention to hand hygiene are given a positive test for squalene.
Squalene has antimicrobial, anticarcinogenic, antifungal, immunocorrective properties. It activates cell regeneration, strengthens the immune system, helps with infectious and viral diseases. This organic compound improves the transportation of nutrients throughout the body, has a wound-healing effect, and this is especially important for people with psoriasis, neurodermatitis, eczema. Investigating the properties dumped in amaranth oil, the scientists also found that due to the effect of this compound, the following occurs:
• increases the body’s resistance to adverse conditions;
• hormone production improves;
• cleaned blood, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys from free radicals;
• “bad” cholesterol is displayed;
• elasticity and elasticity of a derma improves;
• cells rejuvenate.
In addition, physicians consider squalene as a promising molecule in oncology.
However, it has been experimentally proved that the properties of squalene in amaranth or other vegetable oil, in which it is contained, can, as they say, do not work. This happens if the blood is thick and contains too many red blood cells. The diameter of the capillary vessel that fits the cell is equal to the diameter and size of the erythrocyte itself, and if one erythrocyte sticks together with another (thick blood), the cell does not receive the necessary nutrition and gradually dies. This is one of the causes of aging. Therefore, it is important that the body is regularly replenished with a sufficient amount of moisture (25-30 ml per 1 kg of live weight).
Of course, the need for a unique substance squalene is only growing, so it is important to always take care of the timely receipt of the resource from food, tools with a high content of squalene. Despite the fact that squalene is found in several vegetable oils (for example, it is about 1% in cold pressed olive oil), but amaranth oil contains up to 15% squalene, depending on the variety and technology of producing oil. Therefore, amaranth oil, the grain from which it is extracted, ranks first in the content of squalene. You can also add that squalene is extracted from rice bran oil, wheat germ.
Industrial use of components of amaranth oil
The most common areas of use of amaranth oil and in its composition of squalene and other components are the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry, the production of hygiene products and food additives. The focus is on squalene, as well as on protein, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins. On thematic sites, various forums you can see a lot of reviews about the miraculous power of amaranth, oil from its seeds regarding the fight against various diseases, for rejuvenation, weight loss. A sustained effect is also observed when ingesting drugs based on amaranth, the consumption of supplements, the use of external agents.
However, the fields of application of amaranth oil, which are separated from its components, are sometimes surprising: they are so diverse, and diversity only increases with time, as biomedical research is regularly conducted to find substances to create new materials. Today, amaranth oil is in demand, for example, for the production of computer care products: it is liquid, heat stable and does not lose its properties when the unit is heated or the air temperature drops. By the way, amaranth oil itself, as well as any other vegetable oil, is not recommended to lubricate computer or laptop parts. In addition, on the basis of amaranth oil produced tools for processing fragile metal tools, protecting the latter from oxidation.
When conducting biochemical studies, it was found that not only squalene, but oleic acid – monomersaturated fatty acid omega-9 has a high degree of resistance. It helps to fight against cancer, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, promotes healing of wounds. Oleic acid is also a component of creams, lotions, detergents, in particular soap, helps the skin retain moisture and acts as a protective film. In soap, for example, oleic acid acts as an emulsifying component, and it plays the same role in rubber. Oleic acid is extracted from amaranth oil for the food industry and the production of flavors there, for the pulp and paper industry – for the production of cellulose, for metalworking – as a coolant during metal-cutting operations, as well as for the production of special mixtures required for the formation of precise sealing surfaces .
In the composition of amaranth, lectins are also valued, despite the fact that, by their nature, they can cause harm in the body, but these compounds in amaranth are insignificant and when consumed inside the products their effect is neutralized by a number of useful substances. Amaranth-derived lectins are widely used in immunology, cell biology, and cancer research, since they have biological effects such as immunosuppression, mitogenicity, and cytotoxicity. In other words, the substance plays the role of a biomarker, a kind of vaccine, a substance that is used to study cancer cells for their ability to grow. Such a property of a substance as cytotoxicity is used to manufacture drugs that trigger the process of necrosis inside a malignant cell, and as a result, the shell, nucleus, and other components of the cell are damaged, leading to its death.
In the study of the composition of amaranth, the unusualness of the properties of such a substance as amarantine was also established. It is not only a powerful antioxidant enriched with natural red-violet pigment, but also a means for studying the state of tumors. Since amarantine has a staining effect, it is used as a marker for examining the colon in cancer and precancerous conditions in this area. Doctors consider amarantine as a useful tool used as a supplement for colonoscopy – a procedure for examining the colon.
There are more than 60 species and from 4,000 to 6,000 varieties of amaranth, and more and more often they are becoming subjects of various studies. Interest in amaranth is only increasing, and the characteristics of the plant affect its demand, which is increasing around the world. It is predicted that only the production of oil, the most valuable product of amaranth processing, will grow by 9% over the past five years.