Автор - | 08.03.2019

Growing amaranth alone is quite possible. For many years, people have bred several varieties of plants, learned to grow valuable crops in a variety of conditions and for almost all needs. Such enthusiasm for plant growers is due, above all, a huge set of valuable qualities of amaranth, its healing properties and the ability to rejuvenate the body. Why don’t we follow a wonderful example and grow this valuable culture in our apartment or on the site? If you focus on the varieties of amaranth, then the embodiment of such an idea will diversify not only the color range of vegetation on the windowsill or on the site, but also significantly improve health, stop the development of diseases.

Do not deny yourself health!
Most of us know that green onions, parsley, dill can be grown on the windowsill, and these plants are rich in vitamins, especially those that are necessary during the cold season and for residents of large cities. However, much more nutrients contain the “golden grain of God”, “the miracle plant of the 21st century”, “the culture of today and the future” – amaranth. For example, the grain of this plant contains zinc, magnesium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, vitamins, as well as antioxidant substances, vegetable protein and fiber. Green leaves are rich in amino acids, protein, which is easily digested. In addition, there is a lot of lysine in amaranth – a substance that plays an important role in strengthening the immune system and the work of all muscles.

A large set of useful substances provides the plant with advantages in using for such diseases as:
• atherosclerosis;
• diabetes;
• CHD;
• phlebeurysm;
• gastritis;
• pancreatitis;
• malignant tumor.
The plant helps to normalize the work of the liver and kidneys, has a positive effect on the body with a variety of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, with the loss of joint mobility. It can be used in nutrition for children, pregnant and nursing moms, people with food allergies.

The unique properties of amaranth are verified and confirmed by many generations. The ancient peoples of Central America knew him, this plant has long been considered a symbol of immortality (even amaranth blossoms do not fade), and in history there are cases when people who use the “golden grain of God” lived to 300 years. The ancients used amaranth to feed the newborns, the warriors took amaranth seeds with them to heavy hikes to restore strength and health.

It is proved that the most effective oil has. However, health benefits are also provided by salads based on green leaves of amaranth, pastries with the addition of medicinal flour, porridge made from the grain of a unique plant. In order not to miss the opportunity to replenish the body with useful substances contained in each part of the plant and products based on it, you can grow amaranth at home.

Varieties suitable for growing at home
In total there are more than 60 species of popular varieties of amaranth. Each of them is certainly valuable in that it has a record amount of protein and contributes to the healing of the body, but in addition to this:
• unpretentious care;
• loves the sun and watering;
• gives rich greens even in dry summer;
• tolerates lowering the temperature to zero degrees.
However, when choosing a variety, it is necessary to decide which species it belongs to – food, feed, grain or decorative. In our case, we will focus on food varieties, and they can be recognized by the light shades of seeds.

Amaranth on the windowsill

White Leaf or White Leaf is a low-growing variety that can be grown all year round. It grows well in a flowerpot on the windowsill, and the plant height is only 20 cm. For salads, leaves and stems are used, and the stem of the “White Leaf” is very juicy, with a spicy flavor. It is possible to take only lower leaves in a salad, providing an opportunity for new growth.

“Fortress” is grown on the balcony or in the open field on the site. The height of this plant reaches 110-150 cm, depending on the soil and growing conditions. The variety is considered early ripening, since the leaves can be harvested after 1.5 months. Connoisseurs of healthy and tasty food often choose it for salads due to unusually tasty, juicy and healthy leaves and shoots. Moreover, the leaves, which contain up to 15% of high-quality protein, are used not only for salads, but also for the preparation of first and second courses. Greens are added to okroshka, side dishes, soups, mashed potatoes.

“Kharkiv-1” is more suitable for growing on the site, since the height of the plant reaches 1.7-1.9 meters. The amaranth of this variety is considered to be truly universal: it belongs simultaneously to food, grain and fodder varieties, as well as to medical ones. The most valuable here is the grain. It is a high-yielding variety (up to 200 tons of green biomass and 50 centners of grain per hectare), but it is also distinguished by a high level of squalene, a polyunsaturated hydrocarbon, which helps to saturate the body with oxygen. Amaranth of this variety ripens in 90-110 days.

“Valentina” is also in its own way a universal variety. It is considered a vegetable, and leaves, stems and grain are taken as food. This is a representative of the early species – the leaves ripen in 45-60 days, the seeds – in 110-120 days. In addition, the entire length of the stem all the time there will be a large number of shoots. It grows to a height of 170 cm. The leaves can be a real decoration of the salad – they are purple. In addition, the plant is rich in protein, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, vitamins C, E, carotene. Therefore, amaranth is often used in salads, soups and other dishes.

Some tips on growing amaranth
If you decide to grow amaranth just for the sake of greenery, it is enough to sow the seeds directly into the ground. The soil for such a plant should be high in lime. It is better to plant one seed in one pot. Sowing depth – about 0.5 cm. The first shoots appear for 5-6 days.

For the cultivation of amaranth on the site it is recommended to mix the seeds with sand, ash or sawdust in a ratio of 1:20. Connoisseurs also noticed that amaranth grows well on acidic, sandy and even on stony soils.

Too deep sunflower seeds should not be: it is enough to sprinkle them with a layer of soil of 1-2 centimeters. It is recommended to plant them in moist soil when it warms up to + 6 ° С, – in late April or early May. When sowing seeds in open ground shoots appear in 12-14 days. However, it should be noted that in open ground amaranth starts up a root to a depth of two meters.

In any case, before sowing, the soil should be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, loosened well, and then leveled. Seedlings should be slightly sprayed, and not watered. Two weeks after planting, you can feed in the form of complex fertilizer. After the emergence of seedlings, the maintenance consists in regular loosening of the soil and moderate watering. It should also be borne in mind that in the first month the plant develops very slowly, but from the second month there is a rapid growth. At this time, the plant can add up to 7 cm daily.

Each amaranth variety contains a complete set of useful substances. Which one to choose depends on your capabilities and preferences. However, one can be sure – you will not have to regret.

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