Amaranth tricolor – a very unusual and bright-looking plant, which for its decorative qualities was loved by many gardeners. Still would! Who would not like these amazing yellow-red “fireworks” ?! They attract everyone’s eyes to themselves and amaze the imagination.
It is very remarkable that such an incredible beauty does not require special care: put an amaranth on the plot and realize that you are only suitable for watering. Well, for admiring the beauty, of course.
Little about the plant
Amaranth tricolor is often called summer poinsettia. All because its leaves, almost exactly the same as that of the Christmas star, are painted with bright colors. You can see plants with creamy yellow, orange, scarlet, maroon, light and dark green leaves. In general, the weight options. All of them are very beautiful and will please the gardener’s eye almost to the very frost. You just need to create the necessary conditions for this.
Amaranth tricolor or Amaranthus tricolor – Asian. This species of amaranth family is a pyramidal annual plant, whose height varies from 40 to 150 centimeters.
Many people note that bright colored leaves on top of the stem create the effect of a blazing flame. Very similar, especially when amaranth is among other, not so bright colors. Petals of anchovies bloom from early June until the first cold days.
Today on sale you can often find such varieties of amaranth tricolor:
- Illumination is a tall plant with a powerful stem that grows up to 70 centimeters in height and is distinguished by very showy large leaves. The young schiritsa red-yellow leaves, the one that is older – red-orange. The lower leaves are usually painted in a bronze tint. Just imagine this beauty!
- Aurora is a variety characterized by golden yellow leaves with wavy edges;
- Airlie Splender is a plant whose lower leaves are almost black in color with a slight purple-green tint, and the upper leaves are bright crimson;
- Impeccable (Perfecta) – a variety with yellow-red leaves.
Most of the gardeners, who even once planted a three-colored amaranth in their garden, will no longer be able to forget it and fall in love with unconsciousness. This amazingly beautiful plant looks great both alone and in groups, creating amazing decorative compositions in the garden.
Want to bring the beauty of amaranth in the house? Then simply cut the inflorescences of schiritsa, form bouquets of them and put them in your favorite vase. The inflorescences look very nice and in a dried form – so you can prolong the beauty of amaranth also for the whole winter.
Growing from seed
Amaranth tricolor well germinated in open ground. But it is very important not to forget that the spring frosts have a very negative effect on the plant: all shoots may die. For this reason, sowing of seeds begins when the risks of frost are finally passed. And this period comes about in the middle of May. The optimal temperature for sowing amaranth can be considered from 4 to 25 ° C.
If you decide to grow three-colored shchiritsa for food use, please note that the soil for its planting should be as fertile as possible. Although this plant is so unpretentious that it gives good greens, even on sandy, acidic and rocky soils.
Want to increase the yield of amaranth? Then already 2 weeks after the first sowing, plant new seeds and repeat this process every 2 weeks.
It is very important that the planting site is treated from weeds.
Amarant illuminacia-500×500 In order to better distribute the seeds, mix them with ash or river sand in the ratio of 1:15. Sit at a depth of about 1-2 centimeters. Better yet, just put the seeds on the ground and sprinkle them evenly, slightly leveling in the end.
With the seedling method, sowing is also carried out only with the difference that the seeds are arranged in boxes covered with film or glass. If you put this valuable load in a warm place, after 10-12 days you will notice the first small shoots. When each such sprout appears at least one piece of paper, seedlings will need to dive into a container already larger.
At the end of May or beginning of June, the mature sprout is transferred to open ground. Let the distance between them in the rows be 10-12 centimeters and 45-50 cm – between the rows. Subsequently, rows can be thinned through the plant. Will you plant young greens? Then the scheme 15 * 15 centimeters will suit you. Do not forget to loosen the aisles.
At the initial stage of growth is very important to timely remove weeds. In the future, amaranth will start to grow so quickly that it will not be necessary to worry about the weeds – it will score any of them. If you see that there are too many bushes of Schyritsa – start to eat them as an additive to salads.
Amaranth tricolor is not particularly afraid of the cramped beds, only its stems will become a little thinner and more tender.
Choice of place
Remember one important rule: tricolor amaranth loves heat and the sun very much. For this reason, even too hot and arid summer will not deprive you of the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of schiritsa. All that is needed in such a situation is high-quality and timely watering and protection from the winds.
Amaranth loves the sun so much that he, just like the sunflower, turns his little leaves in his direction for the whole day.
Watering, feeding and breeding
As it has already been said before, shchiritsa is a plant that is quite drought-resistant and can withstand even the driest summer. At the same time amaranth responds well to abundant watering. But keep in mind that he will not like waterlogging very much, as this leads to the rotting of the roots.
It is necessary to feed amaranth 3-4 times per season, using a mullein solution (1: 5 ratio) and ashes (200 grams per 10 liters of water). It is the best of all to carry out top dressing with such mix right after morning after watering.
Shirits like a short light day. For this reason, with a long one, it rarely produces enough seeds. If they appear, it is likely that amaranth perepochilis weeds. Therefore, it is best to buy seeds in proven stores.
Pests and diseases
Amaranth – a plant quite unpretentious and easy to clean. In addition, it is resistant to diseases and pests. But still sometimes he is struck by weevils and aphids. The first develop in the stems, not allowing them to grow in the proper measure. Aphid, as a rule, is terrible to amaranth only in the first months of its life, and then only in the case of a wet and rainy summer.
Clean weevils and aphids are best fufanon or aktellik.
Very much tricolor amaranth “like” slugs. Therefore, do not be lazy to regularly examine the plants so that these terrible pests do not spoil the beauty so diligently grown.
When too much moisture accumulates in the ground, amaranth begins to suffer from fungal diseases. It is possible to treat this trouble with fungicides – colloidal sulfur, copper chloroxide, copper sulfate and other similar preparations.
Amaranth in garden design
Underweight varieties are best used for planting next to the curbs or in flowerpots on the windowsill, and the tall ones are ideal for hedges. Also, tall varieties look very nice in the background of the flower garden.
Amaranth tricolor can diversify and decorate even the simplest-looking garden: it is beautiful against the background of a lawn and evergreen shrubs. Also schiritsu can be used for decorating fences and all kinds of buildings.
To amaranth looked the most impressive, plant plants in groups, because several copies planted in one place, create an incredibly bright color spot.
As you can see, tricolor amaranth is really an amazing plant. This is an unusually spectacular decoration of any garden, and a good activator of immunity, and a very easy-to-care flower. Try and you grow amaranth on your site. Make sure that he is a dream come true for any gardener.