AMARANTH VEGETABLE: CULTIVATION, CARE AND TYPES

Автор - | 05.04.2019

Now on the Internet you can find a lot of articles telling about the amazing benefits of amaranth. Scientists call this plant a culture of the 21st century, because in its protein content, it significantly exceeds milk. They say, amaranth can feed almost the entire planet. Moreover, he is able to prolong youth and an amazing way to heal the entire body. What else is not less important: with all the huge amount of positive properties, amaranth is rather unpretentious and undemanding in cultivation.

Agronomists distinguish several types of amaranth: vegetable, fodder, grain and decorative. Today we will talk about the vegetable. Its main advantage lies in the fact that literally all parts of the plant can be eaten: stems, leaves and seeds, which have a special value. So, every gardener who cares about his health, should allocate a piece of land on the plot, where to plant this amazing plant.

Let us examine what you need to know and take into account in order to get a magnificent harvest of vegetable amaranth.

Cultivation technology

Top dressing: 3-4 times per season. It is best to use a mullein diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5, chicken manure (1:10) and ashes (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). It should be borne in mind that when applying a large dose of nitrogen fertilizers, as well as planting amaranth in the shade, nitrates will accumulate;
Watering: Amaranth can be called a rather drought-resistant plant that does not tolerate the close standing of groundwater and waterlogging;
Temperature condition: schilitsa is thermophilic and the optimum temperature for its growth is + 26-30С. The plant tolerates autumn frosts with a temperature of 1-2C, provided that such frosts are short-lived.
Acronomers note that amaranth is a heat-loving and light-loving plant that can grow on virtually all types of soil. It will suit both stony soil, and sandy, and salt marshes. Greens ripen in about 60-70 days, and seeds – 100-120 days.

Amaranth – green manure and a great fertilizer. Therefore, experts advise to tear off for their own needs the stems, leaves and tops, but the roots must be left in the ground. So the gardener will be happy with products full of vitamins, and soil organisms will get the organic matter they need.

There are 2 ways to grow amaranth:

  • Rassadny;
  • Bezrassadny.

Usually, seedlings are planted on the seedlings or decorative varieties of schiritsa. This accelerates the growth of the plant and the maturation of its seeds. If amaranth is grown in order to use its leaves, you can not worry about the seedlings, but simply sow the seeds in the ground.

Growing by seedling

When seeds are in this variant Amaranth is planted around the end of March or early April. To begin with, seeds are sown in a small box and lightly sprinkled with moist soil. Now you need to cover all the film and put the future plant in a dark, but warm place. Approximately in 7-12 days it is possible to notice that shoots appeared – from this moment the box is moved to the window sill.

As soon as the first full-fledged leaflet “comes out”, the seedlings need to be dived into pots. Do not worry about fragile stems: they tolerate transplantation perfectly and there should be no problems!

As soon as the warm days finally come and any threat of frost has passed, and such time usually comes in late May or early June, the seedlings need to be planted in a permanent place.

Cultivation by sowing

hqdefault Approximately at the end of April or the beginning of May (when the soil has warmed up to 5-6C), the seeds are planted one by one in a moist soil. The distance between the bushes and rows, you can choose any, but you should consider the very purpose of growing.

For example, if the gardener wants to see powerful plants on his plot with a large number of inflorescences and seeds, you can use the scheme 70 * 30 centimeters. If the summer resident prefers delicate greenery – the 15 * 15 centimeters scheme is ideal.

Have you decided to plant a rather large area with a useful and beautiful amaranth? Then mix the seeds with sand, sawdust and ash in the ratio of 1:20 and plant them in rows, and later thin out.

Do not bury the seeds too much – it will be enough to sprinkle them with a small layer of soil and roll them a little to make them better in contact with the ground. If the weather is good and the gardener does everything correctly, the shoots can be noticed after 7-10 days.

Amaranth care

It should be noted that amaranth requires some special care only in the first month of its life. During this period, the ground part of the anchoring grows so slowly that you can seriously doubt that someday these thin stems will turn into a powerful and beautiful plant. From time to time you need to weed the bed, mulch with mowed grass – this will not allow drying. If it seems that the stalks are very weak, it will not hurt to feed amaranth with an infusion of ash and mullein.

It should be noted that amaranth requires some special care only in the first month of its life. During this period, the ground part of the anchoring grows so slowly that you can seriously doubt that someday these thin stems will turn into a powerful and beautiful plant. From time to time you need to weed the bed, mulch with mowed grass – this will not allow drying. If it seems that the stalks are very weak, it will not hurt to feed amaranth with an infusion of ash and mullein.

Already from the second month of her life, schiritsa begins to grow rapidly, adding 5-7 centimeters per day. From this point on, amaranth itself can drown out any weed and all it needs is regular watering.

Amaranth is cut into greens when the plant reaches 20-25 centimeters in height. After cutting the tops of the lateral sinuses, new shoots appear.

Around early September, the seeds ripen. During this period, amaranth inflorescences become brown in color, and the leaves wither and fall. Consider that the grains of schiritsa ripen unevenly and rather quickly crumble. For this reason, it is desirable to cut panicles in advance and dry them in a dark place. With this approach, the seeds will have time to ripen perfectly.

Diseases and pests

Fortunately, amaranth is a plant that is resistant to almost any disease, but it rarely becomes the target of aphids and weevils. The larvae of the latter strike the stalk of the schiritsa and prevent it from growing. In summer, in wet weather, amaranth leaves may be affected by aphids. To destroy pests use Actellic and Karbofos.

Keep in mind that the plant should not be in excessive moisture, so it can become the target of fungal diseases. In a similar situation, spraying with fungicides – copper chloroxide, copper sulfate and colloidal sulfur – can help.

Amaranth varieties of vegetables

There are a huge variety of species and varieties of amaranth. But gardeners, as a rule, are most interested in vegetable and universal varieties that can be grown both for seeds and for greens.

Valentina is a wonderful early vegetable variety that has a large number of shoots along the entire length of the stem. The leaves of the plant in this variety are purple in color, the flowers are also erect purple. The seeds are translucent, light brown in tint, with a red border. Valentine grows to about 1.7 meters in height. Leaves ripening time is 45-60 days, and seeds – 110-120;
The burly is a precocious vegetable variety grown for fresh herbs. This species of amaranth has green, tender and succulent leaves, as well as brown flowers with red spots. Seeds are light yellow. Fortress grows to 1.3-1.4 meters in height;
The white sheet is a dwarf vegetable variety grown on greens. It should be cut off when reaching already 18-20 centimeters in height. Leaves and stems are light green in color. They are very tasty. This variety grows well in the winter on the windowsill;
Kharkiv-1 is a universal variety, ideal for growing grain. The leaves of this plant species are green, the inflorescences are erect yellow, the seeds have a light shade. Kharkiv-1 reaches a height of about 1.7-1.9 meters.
It is important to remember that amaranth vegetable varieties have light seeds. If the seeds are dark – in front of you is an ornamental plant, which is grown mainly for the sake of beautiful bright inflorescences. The seeds of such plants in food should not be consumed, but the leaves are well established as a base or an additive to salads.

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