Amaranth oil has become known, also thanks to a component about which little has been heard before – maslo-amarantovoe squalene. We see on the labels: “5% squalene”, “5.9% squalene”, even “7% squalene”. The first two designations often refer to oil made by the conventional cold-pressing method. 7-8% of squalene is obtained from seed germs of rarer varieties of amaranth, therefore this oil is several times more expensive.
However, here you need to be careful when choosing a manufacturer: it happens that squalene is added artificially. This is not quite squalane, but chemically synthesized squalane, which is often used in cosmetics. Compared with the original, squalane is a depleted substance and does not possess squalene properties.
Note! If you want to buy 100% natural amaranth oil, but you don’t understand manufacturers, choose products that contain 5-6% squalene. This oil is mixed with squalane extremely rare. Faking natural vegetable oil requires effort, while selling a five or six percent product does not come out expensive, in the end it turns out that the game is not worth the candle. And squeezing amaranth seed oil using conventional methods is quite simple, which is why it comes to the market from bona fide producers.
What is squalene?
In terms of chemistry, squalene is a natural unsaturated hydrocarbon, related to carotenoids. What does it mean?
The term “unsaturated hydrocarbon” means that a substance molecule lacks several hydrogen atoms and it will try to attach them, and therefore it will react with any substance from which it can take the necessary amount of hydrogen. Hydrogen (H) is one of the most common substances on Earth and in the human body in particular, and most often it is found in the composition of water (H2O). In the first place, it usually encounters squalene, reacts, becomes saturated, and as a result, “attaches” the attached atoms to the desired cells, feeding them with hydrogen and oxygen.
According to this principle, squalene works in the body of deep-sea sharks, where it was first discovered. At great depths, a reduced oxygen content is observed, and squalene plays the role of its “carrier” through the cells of the body, preventing hypoxia in living beings.
Interesting! It is from here that the name “squalene” came. “Squalus” – in Latin “shark”.
With carotenoids it is simpler: these are substances from which vitamin A is formed (sometimes not formed). Scientifically, they are also called provitamins A, and squalene is just one of such provitamins. As a result, it promotes the production of vitamin A in the body.
Where is squalene?
Squalene, both in the animal and in the plant world, is usually found in fats. This is due, obviously, to the fact that by itself he could not get into all the necessary cells, and as part of the fat, it feeds precisely those seld_7654 tissues that need it: this is the idea of nature. Together with fats, squalene reaches the subcutaneous and dermal layers, many internal organs that need oxygen.
In the body of sharks, squalene produced the liver, from which, in fact, scientists initially tried to get it. Later, researchers began to study other sources of this substance, since shark liver is an ingredient that is scarce and too expensive. In the process of research, unexpected things came to light: some animals produce small quantities of squalene, which are not found in our strip, and also … humans.
Indeed, the human body produces squalene in very small quantities. It was from this fact that it was concluded that this substance is necessary for the normal functioning of the human body, this was the root cause of the development of cosmetic products based on squalene. This same discovery made scientists later try to synthesize squalene artificially. The result of their experience was squalane, which was mentioned at the beginning of the article.
Interesting! Squalane in cosmetology actually performs some functions of squalene, in particular, it nourishes the cells of the skin and the subcutaneous layer with oxygen. However, the intake of this substance in food is impractical: it simply does not digest.
At the same time, hypotheses have arisen in the scientific community regarding the emergence of a number of diseases, the cause of which has not previously been determined. Biologists and doctors sought to check whether the lack of squalene entails some heart defects and skin diseases, and therefore the search for this substance in nature continued. In the organism of all animals, it was so small that to try to provide a person at the expense of them meant damage to populations. There is also cosmetology just connected.
And in the end, squalene was found in vegetable fats. The same substance with the same properties was found in a number of oils, such as: in olive, in wheat germ oil and in amaranth. In the latter, his number inspired. This became a kind of sensation in narrow circles, and in wide circles it manifested itself in the fact that people finally heard about amaranth and its benefits – in general terms. Later, after confirming scientific hypotheses, information about the benefits of squalene and amaranth (as its source) was published.
- olive oil contains 0.6-0.8 g of squalene per 100 g of oil;
- in wheat germ oil – about 0.3 g per 100 g of oil;
- in amaranth oil – 5-8 g per 100 g of oil.
These 5-8 g – and there are 5-8% mentioned at the beginning of squalene, which are found on the labels of amaranth oil.
What threatens the lack of squalene?
The normal concentration of squalene in human blood is 250 parts per billion or 250 nanograms per milliliter. It may vary depending on the region of residence, work, lifestyle and many other factors, but not much different from this.
Squalene deficiency is, in fact, an oxygen deficiency, but not in the form of classical hypoxia known to all. It is not caused by problems with the lungs and not diluted air (which provokes high altitude hypoxia – mountain sickness) – just oxygen does not spread through the body. It turns out that a person inhales enough oxygen, but the substance does not get into the tissue.
Usually the person does not feel this lack. If it is short-lived, tissues are restored and updated, and it passes unnoticed at all. More frequent cases of partial deficiency. That is, the liver produces the minimum required amount of squalene, most tissues receive nutrition, but not to the extent that the body “would like” to. The symptoms then are relevant – almost imperceptible:
- slightly dull, hair sometimes exfoliates, nails periodically exfoliate;
- skin becomes duller;
- wrinkles appear at a relatively early age.
If partial deficiency occurs after 30 years, the wrinkles may appear very sharply, that is, the aging process of the skin “turns on” quickly.
Partial deficiency of squalene also leads to a decrease in local immunity in the nasopharyngeal cavity and ears, in the genital area, on the skin as a whole. That is why people with a deficiency of squalene are sick more often and are susceptible, including fungal diseases.
The same factor is one of the reasons for the development of cellulite. Metabolism in the subcutaneous layers is disturbed due to the lack of nutrition of cells, due to stagnation and the aging process of the skin. As a result, fat deposits accumulate, the skin fades – this is cellulite. By the way, it is thanks to squalene that amaranth is effective in treating skin diseases and is able to resist cellulite, which we wrote about earlier.
The same processes occur inside the body, a person cannot simply see them, but there are no symptoms. The internal organs that do not receive a sufficient amount of squalene wear out faster, which again leads to early aging and the appearance of various “senile” diseases. No wonder the elderly are leading diseases of the cardiovascular system – it is usually the heart that first suffers from a lack of oxygen. In the second – the liver and kidneys.
All these processes originate at about 30-35 years: it is precisely at this age that the body, as it were, “gets tired” of a constant lack of substance. They can develop to old age. The hitch is that aging of the skin, the appearance of a couple or three of minor chronic diseases by the age of 45-50 in the eyes of the public is considered the norm, and people are sure that the cause is not the lack of any substance, but “age”. Meanwhile, the number of years lived does not automatically cause a number of diseases, they are caused by some very specific factor.
How to prevent squalene deficiency?
There are two sources of squalene in man – internal and external. Accordingly, squalene can be maintained in two ways.
The first is to maintain a high level of self-production by the body. For this inner is required:
- use the amount of substances necessary for its synthesis;
- engage in relevant types of gymnastics;
- regularly conduct massage, reflexology and other procedures.
If you observe a healthy lifestyle and live in a region with a good ecology (more precisely, the composition of air), the body will provide itself with squalene itself. Of course, this is the preferred method, but it is not suitable for everyone. Therefore, the second method is to compensate for the deficiency of squalene with the help of squale-containing substances.
Squale-containing animal fats (such as shark liver oil) are regularly consumed because of their deficiency, which is why vegetable oils remain. So far, as follows from the table of contents of squalene in vegetable oils, amaranth oil remains the champion among them.
How to use amaranth oil?
For better absorption and penetration into all tissues, vegetable fats are recommended to use internally and externally.
Oil intake is allowed as with other food, and separately from it. In the second case, the percentage of absorption of substances is higher, but not so much that it plays a decisive role. Therefore, salads with amaranth oil, cereals and other dishes, if used regularly, are fully capable of providing the body with squalene for years.
Theoretically, if a person is physically active, he is not obese, if his blood circulation is good, there will be enough internal consumption of oil.
If the situation is reversed, the skin does not seem to be elastic enough, the hair and nails are not strong enough, and overall 514424 there are signs of oxygen deficiency in the skin and subcutaneous layer, then it is advisable to rub oil into the skin. It is better to carry out this procedure together with massage: so oil will be absorbed better, will sate a greater number of cells. It can also be combined with physiotherapeutic procedures, if problems are clearly marked on a specific site.
That is why cosmetologists and dermatologists add the postscript to the prescribed procedures: “It is better to use it with such and such oil”. For the same reason, amaranth is recommended to be used for skin diseases such as psoriasis, acne, eczema, and so on. Restoration with the help of amaranth local immunity in inflammatory and infectious diseases is also partly due to squalene. The processes of renewal of tissues due to oxygen supply are accelerated, and the disease goes faster.
And regular intake of amaranth oil is also recommended for this reason. Of course, it is difficult to cure old diseases with squalene, but it is quite possible to prevent them.