According to the portals that specialize in agro-industrial topics, in the first days of October, Ukrainian farmers started harvesting high-yielding amaranth varieties. Harvesting amaranth crops
The harvesting campaign started in early September. Then the farmers cleaned the early ripe varieties – Ultra. As reported, the yield of this variety ranged from 1 to 2 tons per hectare of sown area.
As the director of the Ukrainian Association of Producers of Amaranth and Amaranth Products, Alexander Duda, said, Ultra was fully matured at that time. The weather favored the harvesting campaign – it was dry. Already at the end of September and in the first days of October, the fresh crop of amaranth was sent to processing enterprises.
At the time of the start of harvesting, the cost of one ton of amaranth was 25 thousand hryvnia, provided that it complied with the basic indicators – the level of pollution is not more than 3%, and the level of humidity is not more than 10%.
In early October, a harvest campaign of mid-late varieties of amaranth was launched. They are characterized by high yields. According to Alexander Duda, it is planned to collect an average of 2.2 tons of amaranth per hectare of sown area. Such high yields are due to favorable weather conditions that persisted throughout the summer.
The medium and high-yielding varieties include, as the head of the Association of Amaranth Producers, said:
The height of such varieties can reach up to 2.5 meters. Traditional harvesters intended for grain crops are used for their harvesting, but ideally, if they have a rapeseed table. Cleaning is carried out on a high cut.
But crop residues, distributed across the field, will provide good fertilizer for crops that will be grown in the coming years. Since there is a large amount of protein in the residues, they quickly rot, providing a good fertilizer for early spring crops. In addition, amaranth residues saturate the soil with nitrogen. Therefore, the remnants do not need to be cleaned – they simply enough to recycle.
Note! Currently, the option of using high-grade amaranth residues for the production of fuel briquettes is being considered. Another option is to use biogas plants, but only if the required amount of moisture remains in the stalks at the time of harvest.
Ukraine can become the main supplier of organic amaranth grain to the world market
As Alexander Duda notes, the demand for amaranth commodity grain and green mass is constantly increasing. Both grain and greens are used in various industries:
- in food;
- in the pharmaceutical;
- in cosmetic;
- in chemical;
- as well as in the production of animal feed.
Already today, foreign investors have become interested in Ukrainian amaranth, who are ready to join the projects on processing amaranth. Such investment investments are fully justified, since it is logical to place the processing bases near the place of cultivation.
And the conditions for growing in Ukraine are almost perfect. “Look at how well his closest relative feels – schyritsa,” notes Alexander Duda.
In 2018, there were positive changes in terms of an increase in amaranth sown area. About 800 hectares were sown to produce commercial grain and green mass.
But already in 2019 a tenfold increase is predicted – up to 10 thousand hectares. (By the way, in 2015, 2016, 2017, under the amaranth was no more than 100 hectares of land). This will not only satisfy domestic demand, but also significantly increase exports. First of all, we are talking about the export of amaranth oil.
Even such plans are not the limit. In Ukraine, there is a real opportunity to increase the volume of processing and acreage under amaranth. At the moment, Ukraine’s share of the global market is less than 0.1%.
However, in the near future, Ukrainian farmers can actually become the largest producers of organic amaranth in the world. According to Aleksandr Duda, in many qualitative indicators, amaranth grain grown on Ukrainian fields substantially exceeds grain grown in other countries of the world:
- Peru, etc.
The maximum possible productivity is ensured by nutritious, productive soil and a sufficient number of sunny days. In general, the cost of growing marketable amaranth grain does not exceed $ 350 per hectare. That is, at the moment – no more than 10 thousand hryvnia. At the same time from each hectare collect at least 1 ton of grain, the cost of which exceeds 25 thousand hryvnia. That is, the minimum net profit per hectare is 15 thousand hryvnia. But organic grain is even more expensive. And the real yield may well reach 2 tons per hectare.