No matter how confident we are of the benefits of amaranth, of the authenticity of its research conducted by domestic experts, it is always interesting what people think of the plant abroad. Today we will publish brief and concise, but informative excerpts about amaranth from the Mexican media.
We selected the most important and most informative from various sources. What will allow you to make sure – amaranth confidently walks on the planet! Conquering more and more fans. And it does it rightly!
Note! Some figures illustrating the content of certain components, trace elements may differ from those indicated by our research. The explanation is simple – yet different varieties of amaranth, wheat and other crops are grown in different parts of the planet. Moreover, on soils with a different mineral content. This has an effect on the content of minerals and nutrients directly in the cultures themselves. Although the differences are not great.
Nutritional properties are appreciated even by astronauts
The nutritional properties of amaranth are so significant that it became food for astronauts. The plant protein contained in amaranth is superior in its properties to that of other grains. And the total nutritional value is higher than that of cow milk.
Note! As is known, amaranth was grown up since ancient times by the Indians of Latin America. However, later the Spanish colonialists destroyed all the crops. However, today amaranth again began to actively grow in this region. Although it still remains the most undervalued culture of Central and South America.
Like quinoa, amaranth was chosen by NASA to include astronauts in the diet. Such a choice is due to:
- high nutritional value;
- the rate of maturation;
- ability to grow even in difficult conditions.
Therefore, NASA experts assigned amaranth the abbreviation CELSS, which can be deciphered as the Controlled Ecological Life Support System. The amaranth grown on space stations provides astronauts with food, oxygen and water.
Amaranth was first used in space travel in 1985. Then amaranth grew in space during the orbital flight of the spacecraft “Atlantis”. And he was engaged in his growing, watching him Dr. Rodolfo Neri Vela, the first Mexican astronaut.
High content of protein and amino acids
Amaranth grain contains about 16% protein, which is several times higher than that of traditional crops:
- corn – 9.33%;
- rice – 8.77%;
- wheat – 14.84%.
However, it is worth noting that it is important to consider not only the quantity, but also the quality of the protein, as well as the balance of amino acids! In particular, it is characterized by a high lysine content – it is an essential amino acid for humans, which is usually found in smaller quantities in other cereals.
Considering other amino acids, it should be recognized that amaranth grain is comparable in nutritional value to milk, which makes it ideal for children and women during lactation.
According to the World Health Organization, the ideal protein is estimated at 100 units. Let’s see how protein is graded in cereals:
- in soy – 68 units;
- in wheat – 60 units;
- in corn – in 44 units;
- in milk – in 72 units;
- and in amaranth – 75 units.
Note! The assimilation of amaranth grain by the human body reaches an incredible rate of 93%!
If, however, for cooking use a mixture of corn and amaranth flour, it will be possible to obtain protein, the quality of which will approach a unique indicator of 100 units. This is due to the fact that amino acids that are absent in one product are abundantly present in another. They complement each other, creating virtually the perfect product!
Note! In turn, amaranth grain does not contain gluten, so it is ideal for people suffering from diseases such as celiac disease (gluten intolerance).
The small size of starch granules promote better digestion.
The main component of amaranth seeds is starch, constituting from 50 to 60% of its dry weight. The diameter of the starch granule is from 1 to 3 microns. In turn, in corn its size is 10 times larger, and in potato it is 100 times larger.
The reduced size of amaranth starch granules makes it easier to digest. As studies have shown, it is absorbed and digested 2.4-5 times faster than corn starch.
Amaranth leaves are also helpful. They contain a high content of calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamins A and C, which makes the amarant green plant a good addition to the grain.
It is advisable to lightly cook the leaves of amaranth – for example, lower it for a few seconds in boiling water. This allows to eliminate anti-neutralizing agents – oxalatos and nitrites.
In some countries, amaranth consumes as a vegetable, replacing them with chard and spinach. The protein in the leaves has a high content of amino acids – such as aspartic acid, glycine, lysine and glutamic acid.
Note. Leaves can be used as types of feed for cattle or other animals. For example, in our country, amaranth is increasingly used in the preparation of silos and animal feed.
What else is in amaranth?
Amaranth has many advantages over other plants and cereals, which is reflected in a high content of protein and starch.
The extraordinary nutritional and physicochemical properties of amaranth proteins are well studied. In particular, as a result of research, it was found that amaranth contains:
- large amounts of lysine;
- a sufficient amount of tryptophan and sulfuric amino acids.
And this is despite the fact that in most cereals lysine and tryptophan are found in small amounts.
Note! Already today, in Mexico, dehydrated foliage is used in the production of noodles (as a natural coloring), and also as a filler for pasta, cakes and other foods.
As you can see, Mexican researchers have once again confirmed the high value of amaranth. And even if for some reason you do not believe that the plant can act as a preventive and therapeutic drug, its nutritional value can no longer be rejected.
After all, not only domestic scientists, but also foreign ones speak about it. In addition, today amaranth is actively being explored in the same Latin America, Africa, as a product that can cope with a possible food crisis and solve the problem of lack of food.